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Reducing the Risk of Colorectal Cancer: Questions and Answers

 
This page has been automatically translated from English. MSDH has not reviewed this translation and is not responsible for any inaccuracies.

What is colorectal cancer?

  • Colorectal cancer is cancer that develops in the colon or rectum.
  • It is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States.
  • Discovering colorectal cancer early is important. Screening can detect cases of colorectal cancer and reduce the number of deaths from the disease.

What are our chances of finding colorectal cancer early?

  • If everyone older than 50 had regular colorectal cancer screening tests, more than one third of deaths from this cancer could be avoided.
  • More than 60% of adults over 50 have not been screened for colon cancer.

What are some symptoms of colorectal cancer?

  • Blood in or on your stool.
  • Unexplained change in bowel habits, or very narrow stools.
  • Unusual abdominal pain or feeling of excess gas.
  • Unexplained chronic fatigue or weight loss.

Does colorectal cancer always start with these symptoms?

  • No. People who have polyps or colorectal cancer sometimes have no symptoms, especially at first.
  • You could have polyps or colorectal cancer and not know it. Screening can detect these, though.

How can I get a screening?

  • Talk to your doctor about when you should begin screening and how often you should be tested.
  • If you are over 50, you should be screened regularly for colorectal cancer.
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Last reviewed on Mar 7, 2017
Mississippi State Department of Health 570 East Woodrow Wilson Dr Jackson, MS 39216 866-HLTHY4U web@HealthyMS.com
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