Mississippi State Department of Health



Monkeypox is a rare viral disease spread through close personal contact, including skin-to-skin. It can cause a rash or sores, and flu-like illness. The disease is rare, but is being increasingly reported in the U.S. and other countries that don't normally have monkeypox cases.


Mississippi's first case of monkeypox was identified on July 25, 2022. For the latest case counts, see the CDC's monkeypox surveillance page.

Mississippi and U.S. cases

Vaccination for high risk individuals

MSDH offers a two-dose monkeypox vaccination at selected county health department locations for those at highest risk of exposure.

Adults 18 and older may be eligible if:

  • They have been notified or are aware of close, intimate or sexual contact with someone diagnosed with monkeypox,
  • Or they identify as gay, bisexual, or as other men who have sex with men, or as a transgender individual, and they report:
    • having multiple or anonymous sex partners,
    • or having attended an event or venue where monkeypox may have been transmitted (for instance, by sex or skin-to-skin contact).

Eligibility and appointments: Call the Monkeypox Call Center at 1-877-978-6453 to determine your eligibility and to make an appointment for vaccination at one of the participating health department clinics.

How Monkeypox is Spread

Monkeypox can spread to anyone through close, personal contact — including skin-to-skin contact such as:

Monkeypox does not spread easily without close contact.

This contact can happen during any intimate sexual contact:

Many monkeypox cases have occurred among men who have sex with men, but anyone who comes into close contact with an infected person may be at risk.

Monkeypox Symptoms

Early symptoms of monkeypox are usually flu-like:

Other symptoms usually develop a few days later:

Note: Some people experience a rash or sores first, followed by other symptoms and some only experience a rash or sores.

When you can infect others: Monkeypox can be spread to others when symptoms begin and until all sores have healed and a fresh layer of skin has formed. Healing can take several weeks.

If You Have Symptoms

If you get a new or unexplained rash, especially if you have been in close contact with someone who has monkeypox:

If You or Your Partner Have Monkeypox


For Healthcare Providers

More Information

The CDC has more information on monkeypox and protective steps.

Links referenced
CDC's monkeypox surveillance page    https://www.cdc.gov/poxvirus/monkeypox/response/2022/us-map.html
Mississippi and U.S. cases    https://www.cdc.gov/poxvirus/monkeypox/response/2022/us-map.html
U.S. map and case count (CDC)    https://www.cdc.gov/poxvirus/monkeypox/response/2022/us-map.html
Current U.S. situation (CDC)    https://www.cdc.gov/poxvirus/monkeypox/response/2022/
Monkeypox testing and other information for healthcare providers    http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/index.cfm/14,0,431,831,html
Monkeypox information from the CDC    https://www.cdc.gov/poxvirus/monkeypox/
Personal safety and safety in social gatherings    https://www.cdc.gov/poxvirus/monkeypox/prevention.html

Find this page at http://msdh.ms.gov/msdhsite/index.cfm/index.cfm

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